passerine VS empirical-lang

Compare passerine vs empirical-lang and see what are their differences.


A small extensible programming language designed for concise expression with little code. (by vrtbl)
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passerine empirical-lang
10 6
1,029 167
0.5% 0.0%
0.0 1.8
almost 2 years ago about 3 years ago
Rust C++
MIT License GNU General Public License v3.0 or later
The number of mentions indicates the total number of mentions that we've tracked plus the number of user suggested alternatives.
Stars - the number of stars that a project has on GitHub. Growth - month over month growth in stars.
Activity is a relative number indicating how actively a project is being developed. Recent commits have higher weight than older ones.
For example, an activity of 9.0 indicates that a project is amongst the top 10% of the most actively developed projects that we are tracking.


Posts with mentions or reviews of passerine. We have used some of these posts to build our list of alternatives and similar projects. The last one was on 2022-04-19.


Posts with mentions or reviews of empirical-lang. We have used some of these posts to build our list of alternatives and similar projects. The last one was on 2022-07-10.
  • Code in Database vs. Code in Application
    2 projects | | 10 Jul 2022
    I'm interested in languages experimenting with integrating tables/dataframes and the relational model as native parts of the language

    With how much of the code I've written that's been around representing entities and doing CRUD on collections of them it seems a bit wild not to have native "Table" types.

    There's an HN user who has a neat language called "Empirical" based on this, and there's an active research language called "Flix" that has this as well. APL/K and other array langs feature a similar concept as I understand it.

  • Tell HN: Stop Accepting Shitty Interviews
    1 project | | 13 Jan 2022
    The most used in finance is a few functions in pandas, like merge_asof(). It's pretty industry standard now.

    The biggest open-source thing I've ever written is Empirical, a language for time-series analysis.

    I'm also top 1% on Stack Overflow. A lot of companies have found me through there.

  • Table Oriented Programming (2002)
    5 projects | | 30 Dec 2021
    I started Empirical with the goal of "q like Haskell". The end result went in a radically different direction, but the guiding light has always been to have a statically typed language where tables and queries are a first-class operation.

    The source code is publicly available under AGPL with the Commons Clause:

  • Scripting Languages of the Future
    9 projects | | 7 Nov 2021
    Some of the OP's observations are why I wrote Empirical [1].

    - I wanted static types that felt dynamic, which meant being able to infer types from a file as long as the file path can be determined at compile time.

    - I wanted Dataframes to be a first-class container since the high-level of abstraction leads to great performance when doing analytics.

    Therefore, I created a language with statically typed Dataframes. Empirical can infer a CSV's type at compile time, namely because performs compile-time function evaluation automatically. The result is a language that runs easily in a REPL but can be used for long-running scripts without worrying about common programming errors.


  • APL Compiler Based on Tail (Typed Array Intermediate Language)
    4 projects | | 22 Oct 2021
    I wanted to hit the runtime repeatedly with as little overhead as possible. So VVM has no type look-up, multiple operands per instruction, and a cache-efficient IR. The sum() operand for the above example is invoked directly in a loop almost as fast as hand-written C++.

    VVM has its own assembly language [2]. I have blog post that explains some of the design choices [3].




What are some alternatives?

When comparing passerine and empirical-lang you can also consider the following projects:

dapr - Dapr is a portable, event-driven, runtime for building distributed applications across cloud and edge.

Apache Geode - Apache Geode

dmd - dmd D Programming Language compiler

piccolo - An experimental stackless Lua VM implemented in pure Rust

xvm - Ecstasy and XVM

apltail - APL Compiler targeting a typed array intermediate language

langs-in-rust - A list of programming languages implemented in Rust, for inspiration.

Linq-in-Rust - Language Integrated Query in Rust.

seed7 - Source code of Seed7

smlsharp - SML# compiler

TypeScript - TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript that compiles to clean JavaScript output.