zio-http VS FrameworkBenchmarks

Compare zio-http vs FrameworkBenchmarks and see what are their differences.


A next-generation Scala framework for building scalable, correct, and efficient HTTP clients and servers (by zio)
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zio-http FrameworkBenchmarks
8 375
751 7,466
1.3% 0.8%
9.6 9.8
5 days ago 6 days ago
Scala Java
Apache License 2.0 GNU General Public License v3.0 or later
The number of mentions indicates the total number of mentions that we've tracked plus the number of user suggested alternatives.
Stars - the number of stars that a project has on GitHub. Growth - month over month growth in stars.
Activity is a relative number indicating how actively a project is being developed. Recent commits have higher weight than older ones.
For example, an activity of 9.0 indicates that a project is amongst the top 10% of the most actively developed projects that we are tracking.


Posts with mentions or reviews of zio-http. We have used some of these posts to build our list of alternatives and similar projects. The last one was on 2023-03-07.
  • Creating a CLI app with scala and Graal VM: should I switch to Rust?
    1 project | /r/scala | 31 Aug 2023
    For JNI, make sure you have `-H:+JNI` in your native image options. Be aware that Netty is a bit of a monster to include in a native image application (I just recently added it a Netty dependency and it completely broke my project and took a good day to figure out). Mine was through zio-http and I was able to piece together some working options from github issues: https://github.com/zio/zio-http/issues/20.
  • What is scala's modern Web API framework?
    5 projects | /r/scala | 7 Mar 2023
  • Show HN: Open-source non-blocking NIO Java HTTP Server
    8 projects | news.ycombinator.com | 24 Oct 2022
    What's the hardware being used for your test? I get 55k RPS with a basic 200 responder with zio-http[0] (which uses Netty) on my i5-6600K, and over 20k RPS for an e2e POST endpoint that does write batching to postgres (committing the insert before responding with the db generated id). Postgres, client (vegeta[1]), and the app all on the same machine. I think that was with keep-alive, I think like 256 clients for the basic responder and 1024 for the one that writes to the db. There's a recently merged PR for zio-http that does 1M req/s on whatever machine they test on[2] so Netty can absolutely scale to high RPS.

    [0] https://github.com/zio/zio-http

    [1] https://github.com/tsenart/vegeta

    [2] https://github.com/zio/zio-http/pull/1659

  • Akka Fork FUD
    2 projects | /r/scala | 21 Sep 2022
    Yep! https://github.com/zio/zio-http
  • zio-http, any experiences to share
    2 projects | /r/scala | 17 Sep 2022
    I was looking at HTTP frameworks for Scala. I found zio-http, https://zio.github.io/zio-http/. Has anyone tried this framework?
  • How is scala as microservices-based backend for web service?
    3 projects | /r/scala | 25 Aug 2021
  • A library like Express.js?
    7 projects | /r/scala | 26 Jul 2021
    https://github.com/dream11/zio-http very simple and super performant, dead easy to abstract over routes to make a router
  • ZIO vs. Cats Effect for api
    2 projects | /r/scala | 10 Jun 2021
    I'm starting a new project, essentially a standard web app (SPA + rest api). I'd like to stay as functional as possible. I'm debating between http4s + cats effect, http4s + zio, and zio-http (https://github.com/dream11/zio-http). I'm having a hard time figuring out which stack has the strongest (safest?) future especially with scala 3 out. Cats Effect 3 looks amazing, but so does the zio ecosystem. Thanks for any opinions/advice!


Posts with mentions or reviews of FrameworkBenchmarks. We have used some of these posts to build our list of alternatives and similar projects. The last one was on 2024-07-16.
  • JavaScript Web Frameworks Benchmark 2024: An In-Depth Analysis
    2 projects | dev.to | 16 Jul 2024
    Installation: Follow the instructions on the TechEmpower benchmarks site.
  • Popular Backend Frameworks Performance Benchmark
    3 projects | dev.to | 2 Jun 2024
    Since 2013, TechEmpower has established a backend framework benchmark. They meticulously define benchmark specifications and maintain an open-source approach that encourages contributions from the community. This benchmark has become a respected standard in the tech industry, serving as a reliable yardstick for technology competitors to assess the performance of their solutions (exemple Go Fiber, C# Asp.net, JS Just). So I can trust the Techempower benchmark.
  • TechEmpower Framework Benchmarks
    1 project | news.ycombinator.com | 1 Jun 2024
  • FrankenPHP: The Modern PHP App Server
    19 projects | news.ycombinator.com | 29 May 2024
    Interested to see how this fares on Tech Empower's benchmarks: https://www.techempower.com/benchmarks/#hw=ph&test=fortune&s...

    At the moment it is at the bottom as a "did not complete"

  • TechEmpower: Most best-performing frameworks do not handle db connection issues
    1 project | news.ycombinator.com | 29 May 2024
  • 100 Exercises to Learn Rust
    9 projects | news.ycombinator.com | 16 May 2024
    It seems like Rust is doing a pretty good job of applying to web apps and APIs:


  • Swift sucks at web serving or does it?
    5 projects | news.ycombinator.com | 15 May 2024
    It would still be slower :P

    At least once you start "gaming" benchmarks interpreted and/or dynamically typed languages have a strict ceiling they can't really surpass (just.js doesn't count as it's as thin wrapper on top of C as it can get)


    (all top entries are bottlenecked by DB driver implementation and its ability to multiplex queries, and context switching cost, so those frameworks which can do perfect static partitioning and query multiplexing win out)

  • Why choose async/await over threads?
    11 projects | news.ycombinator.com | 25 Mar 2024
    Neat. Thanks for sharing!

    Interestingly, may-minihttp is faring very well in the TechEmpower benchmark [1], for whatever those benchmarks are worth. The code is also surprisingly straightforward [2].

    [1] https://www.techempower.com/benchmarks/

    [2] https://github.com/TechEmpower/FrameworkBenchmarks/blob/mast...

  • Ntex: Powerful, pragmatic, fast framework for composable networking services
    2 projects | news.ycombinator.com | 23 Mar 2024
    ntex was formed after a schism in actix-web and Rust safety/unsafety, with ntex allowing more unsafe code for better performance.

    ntex is at the top of the TechEmpower benchmarks, although those benchmarks are not apples-to-apples since each uses its own tricks: https://www.techempower.com/benchmarks/#hw=ph&test=fortune&s...

  • A decent VS Code and Ruby on Rails setup
    8 projects | news.ycombinator.com | 21 Feb 2024
    Ruby is slow. Very slow. How much you may ask? https://www.techempower.com/benchmarks/#hw=ph&test=fortune&s... fastest Ruby entry is at 272th place. Sure, top entries tend to have questionable benchmark-golfing implementations, but it gives you a good primer on the overhead imposed by Ruby.

    It is also not early 00s anymore, when you pick an interpreted language, you are not getting "better productivity and tooling". In fact, most interpreted languages lag behind other major languages significantly in the form of JS/TS, Python and Ruby suffering from different woes when it comes to package management and publishing. I would say only TS/JS manages to stand apart with being tolerable, and Python sometimes too by a virtue of its popularity and the amount of information out there whenever you need to troubleshoot.

    If you liked Go but felt it being a too verbose to your liking, give .NET a try. I am advocating for it here on HN mostly for fun but it is, in fact, highly underappreciated, considered unsexy and boring while it's anything but after a complete change of trajectory in the last 3-5 years. It is actually the* stack people secretly want but simply don't know about because it is bundled together with Java in the public perception.

    *productive CLI tooling, high performance, works well in a really wide range of workloads from low to high level, by far the best ORM across all languages and back-end framework that is easier to work with than Node.JS while consuming 0.1x resources

What are some alternatives?

When comparing zio-http and FrameworkBenchmarks you can also consider the following projects:

Http4s - A minimal, idiomatic Scala interface for HTTP

django-ninja - 💨 Fast, Async-ready, Openapi, type hints based framework for building APIs

Vert.x - Vert.x is a tool-kit for building reactive applications on the JVM

LiteNetLib - Lite reliable UDP library for Mono and .NET

vertx-lang-scala - Vert.x for Scala

drogon - Drogon: A C++14/17 based HTTP web application framework running on Linux/macOS/Unix/Windows [Moved to: https://github.com/drogonframework/drogon]

cask - Cask: a Scala HTTP micro-framework

C++ REST SDK - The C++ REST SDK is a Microsoft project for cloud-based client-server communication in native code using a modern asynchronous C++ API design. This project aims to help C++ developers connect to and interact with services.

zio-protoquill - Quill for Scala 3

SQLBoiler - Generate a Go ORM tailored to your database schema.

ocpp - Open Charge Point Protocol

Laravel - The Laravel Framework.

InfluxDB - Power Real-Time Data Analytics at Scale
Get real-time insights from all types of time series data with InfluxDB. Ingest, query, and analyze billions of data points in real-time with unbounded cardinality.
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