Agda
lean4
Agda  lean4  

27  56  
2,399  3,951  
1.2%  5.4%  
9.8  10.0  
7 days ago  6 days ago  
Haskell  Lean  
MIT License  Apache License 2.0 
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Agda

Types versus sets (and what about categories?)
This was recently deemed inappropriate:
"Bye bye Set"
"Set and Prop are removed as keywords"
https://github.com/agda/agda/pull/4629

If given a list of properties/definitions and relationship between them, could a machine come up with (mostly senseless, but) true implications?
Still, there are many useful tools based on these ideas, used by programmers and mathematicians alike. What you describe sounds rather like Datalog (e.g. Soufflé Datalog), where you supply some rules and an initial fact, and the system repeatedly expands out the set of facts until nothing new can be derived. (This has to be finite, if you want to get anywhere.) In Prolog (e.g. SWI Prolog) you also supply a set of rules and facts, but instead of a fact as your starting point, you give a query containing some unknown variables, and the system tries to find an assignment of the variables that proves the query. And finally there is a rich array of theorem provers and proof assistants such as Agda, Coq, Lean, and Twelf, which can all be used to help check your reasoning or explore new ideas.

What can Category Theory do?
Haskell and Agda are probably the most obvious examples. Ocaml too, but it is much older, so its type system is not as categorical. There is also Idris, which is not as wellknown but is very cool.

What are the current hot topics in type theory and static analysis?
Most of the proof assistants out there: Lean, Coq, Dafny, Isabelle, F*, Idris 2, and Agda. And the main concepts are dependent types, Homotopy Type Theory AKA HoTT, and Category Theory. Warning: HoTT and Category Theory are really dense, you're going to really need to research them.

Amendmend proposal: Changed syntax for Or patterns
Does this come with plans to separately unify the body with each of the contexts induced by matching on each of the respective patterns (similar to what’s discussed here), or will it behave like the _ pattern and use only the most general context?

Functional Programming and Maths <> How can a code monkey learn Agda?
That's absolutely untrue. From the horse's mouth:
 Doom emacs and agdamode

FP language idea  would this is possible to infer and type check?
Agda has the socalled mixfix operators (which are powerful enough to cover pre/in/postfix cases with an arbitrary number of arguments), check that out:  https://agda.readthedocs.io/en/v2.6.1/language/mixfixoperators.html  https://github.com/agda/agda/blob/master/examples/Introduction/Operators.agda  https://github.com/agda/agdastdlib/blob/master/src/Data/Product/Base.agda

Best Programming Language for Computational Proof
Coq, Agda, Lean, Isabelle, and probably some others which are not coming to my mind at the moment, but those would be considered the major ones.

Do you use Idris or Coq, and why?
Funny that you say this, because there are some obvious long standing open feature requests with looking up the type of the term under cursor — № 4295 and № 516. I am not blaming anyone in particular — this is the way it is. I wish I could find time to rewrite the proof search engine (how hard can it be), but I am already buried under a pile of other commitments and a good chunk of overwhelming sadness.
lean4
 AI Will Become Mathematicians' 'CoPilot'

The Fermat's Last Theorem Project
Lean is free and open source and nothing to do with MS. Check out https://leanlang.org/ and https://github.com/leanprover/lean4  no mention of MS or MSR (where de Moura was where he developed Lean 3 and started on Lean 4).

Dafny is a verificationaware programming language
Recently replaced by Lean, though.
https://github.com/cedarpolicy/cedarspec
https://leanlang.org
 The Mechanics of Proof
 Natural Deduction in Logic (2015)

The Wizardry Frontier
Nice read! Rust has pushed, and will continue to push, the limits of practical, bare metal, memory safe languages. And it's interesting to think about what's next, maybe eventually there will be some form of practical theorem proving "for the masses". Lean 4 looks great and has potential, but it's still mostly a language for mathematicians. There has been some research on AI constructed proofs, which could be the best of both worlds because then the type checker can verify that the AI generated code/proof is indeed correct. Tools like Kani are also a step forward in program correctness.

Lean4 helped Terence Tao discover a small bug in his recent paper
Yeah, I believe they said intend for it to be used as a general purpose programming language. I used it to complete Advent of Code last year.
There are some really interesting features for general purpose programming in there. For example: you can code updates to arrays in a functional style (change a value, get a new array back), but if the refcount is 1, it updates in place. This works for inductive types and structures, too. So I was able to efficiently use Cstyle arrays (O(1) update/lookup) while writing functional code. (paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/1908.05647 )
Another interesting feature is that the "do" blocks include mutable variables and for loops (with continue / break / return), that gets compiled down to monad operations. (paper: https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3547640 )
And I'm impressed that you can add to the syntax of the language, in the same way that the language is implemented, and then use that syntax in the next line of code. (paper: https://lmcs.episciences.org/9362/pdf ). There is an example in the source repository that adds and then uses a JSXlike syntax. (https://github.com/leanprover/lean4/blob/master/tests/playgr... )
 A Linguagem Lua completa 30 anos!
 Lean 4.0
 Lean 4.0.0, first official lean4 release
What are some alternatives?
lean  Lean Theorem Prover
z3_tutorial  Jupyter notebooks for tutorial on the Z3 SMT solver
coq  Coq is a formal proof management system. It provides a formal language to write mathematical definitions, executable algorithms and theorems together with an environment for semiinteractive development of machinechecked proofs.
opentyperep  Open type representations and dynamic types
ATSPostiats  ATS2: Unleashing the Potentials of Types and Templates
HoleyMonoid  Automatically exported from code.google.com/p/monoidcont
tssql  A SQL database implemented purely in TypeScript type annotations.
distributive  Dual Traversable
roc  A fast, friendly, functional language.
agdavim  Agda interaction in vim
oil  Oils is our upgrade path from bash to a better language and runtime. It's also for Python and JavaScript users who avoid shell!