Node.js vs. Python: How to choose the best technology to develop your backend

This page summarizes the projects mentioned and recommended in the original post on dev.to

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  • libuv

    Cross-platform asynchronous I/O

    Node.js is single-threaded, non-blocking, and implements an event-driven architecture. It has a single thread where all code you write and the libraries you use executes. It also makes use of other threads that the libuv C library provides to handle expensive or long-running tasks.

  • nan

    Native Abstractions for Node.js

    TypeScript has gained popularity in recent years, and to put things into perspective, it has over 29 million weekly downloads on npm. According to the Stack Overflow 2021 developer survey, it is ranked as the third most-loved programing language, beating Python, Node.js, and JavaScript itself. To learn how to set up TypeScript with node, see this article.

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  • axios

    Promise based HTTP client for the browser and node.js

    Axios: for making API requests

  • lodash

    A modern JavaScript utility library delivering modularity, performance, & extras.

    Lodash: a utility library

  • awesome-nodejs

    :zap: Delightful Node.js packages and resources

    To discover more packages, see the curated awesome-nodejs repository on GitHub.

  • awesome-python

    A curated list of awesome Python frameworks, libraries, software and resources

    See the awesome-python GitHub repo for a comprehensive list.

  • fastify

    Fast and low overhead web framework, for Node.js

    Node was developed by Ryan Dahl and was released in 2009, becoming an instant hit as it allowed JavaScript developers to write JavaScript code outside the web browser for the first time. Over the years, it has grown and become a strong contender to older languages like Python, and offers a bunch of tools for backend development, such as Express.js, Fastify, and NestJS.

  • Scout APM

    Less time debugging, more time building. Scout APM allows you to find and fix performance issues with no hassle. Now with error monitoring and external services monitoring, Scout is a developer's best friend when it comes to application development.

  • Django

    The Web framework for perfectionists with deadlines.

    Python is constantly evolving, and it has mature web frameworks such as Django, Flask, and FastAPI that you can also use in your backend development projects.

  • Socket.io

    Realtime application framework (Node.JS server)

    Real-time applications: using a library like socket.io

  • warehouse

    The Python Package Index

    Python also has an active community, with over 370k packages and 3.4 million releases on the Python Package Index. You can download them to your project using pip, a package installer that pulls packages from the Python Package Index.

  • Nest

    A progressive Node.js framework for building efficient, scalable, and enterprise-grade server-side applications on top of TypeScript & JavaScript (ES6, ES7, ES8) 🚀

    Node was developed by Ryan Dahl and was released in 2009, becoming an instant hit as it allowed JavaScript developers to write JavaScript code outside the web browser for the first time. Over the years, it has grown and become a strong contender to older languages like Python, and offers a bunch of tools for backend development, such as Express.js, Fastify, and NestJS.

  • Iron python

    Implementation of the Python programming language for .NET Framework; built on top of the Dynamic Language Runtime (DLR).

    IronPython: allows Python to integrate smoothly with Microsoft's .NET framework

  • Flask

    The Python micro framework for building web applications.

    Python is constantly evolving, and it has mature web frameworks such as Django, Flask, and FastAPI that you can also use in your backend development projects.

  • fastapi

    FastAPI framework, high performance, easy to learn, fast to code, ready for production

    Python is constantly evolving, and it has mature web frameworks such as Django, Flask, and FastAPI that you can also use in your backend development projects.

  • flask-celery

    Celery integration for Flask (SINCE CELERY 3.0 THIS IS NO LONGER NEEDED)

    Celery

NOTE: The number of mentions on this list indicates mentions on common posts plus user suggested alternatives. Hence, a higher number means a more popular project.

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